BARADEZ FOSSATUM AFRICAE PDF

It is considered to have many similarities of construction to Hadrian's Wall , one of the northern borders of the Empire in Britain. There is only a single mention of the Fossatum as such in historical literature prior to the 20th century. Consequently, it is not known with certainty when the Fossatum was constructed. Of course, a structure of this size would be the work of centuries, and the archaeological excavation of the many forts and towns along its route has yielded many dates from the reign of Hadrian in the 2nd century to Constantine in the 4th century. Current opinion has not advanced since the discussion by Baradez [4] in , who concluded that construction probably began after the first visit of Hadrian to Africa in and before or after his second visit in This conclusion is based on the similarities with Hadrian's Wall in Britain and with what is known about Hadrian 's concern to protect the Empire.

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Thought to measure kilometers or more, the linear defensive structure known as Fossatum Africae was built during the rule of the Roman Empire as a measure to both defend and control the southern borders of its interests in North Africa. The four preserved sections of this historic structure are found in Algeria and neighboring Tunisia, remaining as a reminder of a time in history when the Roman Empire appeared to be unstoppable in its conquests.

The reference is found in a letter to Roman citizens living in Africa, from the co-ruling Roman emperors of the time, Theodosius and Honorius. The letter states that if Roman citizens did not continue to maintain the fossatum, then the job would be given to barbarian tribes that had proven to be friendly to the Roman Empire.

Along with the loss of employment, Roman citizens would lose land rights and other benefits that went with maintaining the defensive structure.

From the tone of the letter it appears that the Fossarum Africae had already been constructed and was in need of maintenance, but it is unclear as to when the original construction took place — although it is agreed that with a structure of this magnitude it most likely took many years to complete and was done in stages.

His aerial photographs of the archeological sites remain the most comprehensive record of this historical structure. The Fossatum Africae consists primarily of ditches with earth embankments on either side, with some sections including dry stone walls on top of the embankments. The widths of the ditches vary between three and six meters and are as wide as twenty meters in some places. Near the Roman fort and camp located at Gemellae on the edge of the Sahara Desert in Algeria, excavations have revealed that the ditch depth is between two and three meters, with the bottom measuring one meter, widening to two or three meters at the top.

There are watchtowers and forts at regular intervals along Fossatum Africae. Similar structures have been found in other North African regions, including the fossatum found at Bou Regreg in Morocco. Amongst the thousands of war movies about Algeria ever filmed, The Battle of Algiers stands out as one of the most controversial and disturbing ever made. For a movie that was filmed in , We are using cookies to make the website better. By clicking Agree you are accepting Terms of Service.

Fossatum Africae — Reminders of Roman Empire History Thought to measure kilometers or more, the linear defensive structure known as Fossatum Africae was built during the rule of the Roman Empire as a measure to both defend and control the southern borders of its interests in North Africa.

Related Post The Battle of Algiers Amongst the thousands of war movies about Algeria ever filmed, The Battle of Algiers stands out as one of the most controversial and disturbing ever made. By clicking Agree you are accepting Terms of Service Got it! Looks like you're using an ad-blocker. This site is supported by ads.

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