The Battle of Dirschau also known as Battle of Tczew took place in the summer of 17—18 August and was one of the battles of the Polish—Swedish War — Gustavus Adolphus was wounded in the battle, which ended inconclusively. Fighting in Prussia ended in a stalemate for that year, and would not resume until Koniecpolski needed to reduce the Swedes' strength, as their current numerical superiority made it difficult for his army to contain them; Gustav II Adolf meanwhile heard rumors of possible reinforcements for Koniecpolski arriving, and wanted to defeat him before his numerical superiority withered. The Polish army numbered 7,, including 2, hussars and reiters , 2, Cossack light cavalry, 3, infantry including 2, German mercenaries , and artillery personnel. Before the main battle, when Gustavus Adolphus was scouting the battlefield, he was ambushed by a Polish unit which chased him back to his camp.
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Stanislaw Koniecpolski. Johann Streiff Maximilian Teuffel. In , Swedish chancellor Axel Oxtenstierna developed a plan to flank the Polish forces from the east and west, with the western component coming from forces raised in Germany.
The flooding of the Vistula, however, ensured that the 1,strong German mercenary force under Johann Streiff and Maximilian Teuffel could not join forces with King Gustavus Adolphus ' army, and the 3,strong Polish army of Stanislaw Koniecpolski decided to attack the smaller Swedish force at Czarne Hammerstein. The Poles broke through the Swedish cavalry attempting to protect unfinished field fortifications, but they were turned back by infantry fire, and several Polish attacks failed until Polish reinforcements arrived and turned the tide of the battle.
Swedish morale plummeted, and the German mercenaries mutinied and arrested their commanders. The mutinous Swedish forces then agreed to join the Polish army, which then decided to advance against Oxtenstierna's main Swedish army. Sign In Don't have an account? Start a Wiki. Do you like this video?
The battle was a Polish victory. Categories :. Previous : Battle of Wenden. Next : Battle of Dirschau. Conflict : Polish-Swedish Wars.
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In preparation for his major attack on Danzig, King Gustavus Adolphus increased his forces to over 22, When Ming refused bammerstein respond, he assaulted the city. She saw significant action on more than one occasion. He raised the Swedish national spirit and placed Sweden on a par with the leading powers. In early November the king handed him command of the army. The Swedes then took the initiative and attacked with cavalry, and managed to deal severe damage to the Polish cavalry, but failed hammetstein inflict a crippling blow on the main body of the army the morale of which remained high, mostly thanks to Koniecpolski.
Battle of Dirschau
The battle ended with a Swedish surrender mainly due to low morale of the German mercenaries in Swedish service. These troops started a mutiny and negotiated with the Polish command without Streiff's knowledge and prepared to switch sides to join the Polish army. Being unable to trust their mercenaries the Swedish troops were forced to surrender. In January Axel Oxenstierna developed a plan to destroy the Polish forces by flanking them from east and west. The Swedish infantry was to join the Polish army, the reiters were to swear never to fight against the Polish king, with volunteers also allowed to join the Polish army, and the Swedish loot from nearby lands was to be returned to the owners this caused some annoyance within the Polish army, whose soldiers preferred to continue fighting to take the loot for themselves.
Battle of Czarne
Over the winter, Koniecpolski recognised the need to reform the Polish army, especially to strengthen the firepower of his infantry and artillery to match the Swedish units. Pin It on Pinterest. Inin the city of Altmark, near Danzig, a six-year truce between Poland and Sweden was established: Stanislaw Koniecpolski decided to take the war to the seas and gathered a small Polish—Lithuanian Commonwealth Navy of 9 ships, mostly with aid from the City of Danzig. It took place on 8 November Later at the Battle of Dirschau modern TczewKoniecpolski with about 7, men including 2, cavalry and hussarstried to stop the Swedish army 10, men including 5, infantry from hajmerstein Danzig. Posted by Alcibiades May 16, Modern History 0.