ENTEROCOCCI AT THE CROSSROADS OF FOOD SAFETY PDF

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Enterococci are gram-positive bacteria and fit within the general definition of lactic acid bacteria. Modern classification techniques resulted in the transfer of some members of the genus Streptococcus, notably some of the Lancefield's group D streptococci, to the new genus Enterococcus. Enterococci can be used as indicators of faecal contamination. They have been implicated in outbreaks of foodborne illness, and they have been ascribed a beneficial or detrimental role in foods.

In processed meats, enterococci may survive heat processing and cause spoilage, though in certain cheeses the growth of enterococci contributes to ripening and development of product flavour.

Some enterococci of food origin produce bacteriocins that exert anti-Listeria activity. Enterococci are used as probiotics to improve the microbial balance of the intestine, or as a treatment for gastroenteritis in humans and animals. On the other hand, enterococci have become recognised as serious nosocomial pathogens causing bacteraemia, endocarditis, urinary tract and other infections.

This is in part explained by the resistance of some of these bacteria to most antibiotics that are currently in use. Resistance is acquired by gene transfer systems, such as conj Continue Reading.

An antifungal, also known as an antimycotic medication, is a pharmaceutical fungicide or fungistatic used to treat and prevent mycosis such as athlete's foot, ringworm, candidiasis, cryptococcal meningitis, and others. Discover the latest research on antifungals here. Allergies result from the hyperreactivity of the immune system to some environmental substance and can be life-threatening. Infectious diseases are caused by organisms including bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites.

They can be transmitted different ways, such as person-to-person. Here is the latest research on allergy and infectious diseases. Antimicrobial resistance poses a significant threat to the continued successful use of antimicrobial agents for the treatment of bacterial infections. How it Works Discover Feeds. Jun 5, Enterococci at the crossroads of food safety?

International Journal of Food Microbiology. Get PDF. References Citations Classification and overview of the genera Streptococcus and Enterococcus opens in new tab. Society for Applied Bacteriology Symposium Series. Evidence for the translocation of Enterococcus faecalis across the mouse intestinal tract opens in new tab. The Journal of Infectious Diseases. Resistance to glycopeptides in enterococci opens in new tab. R Leclercq , P Courvalin. Main microbial flora present as natural starters in Cebreiro raw cow's-milk cheese northwest Spain opens in new tab.

Composition of the enterococcal and streptococcal intestinal flora of poultry opens in new tab. The Journal of Applied Bacteriology. L A Devriese F Haesebrouck. See more references from this paper Sign Up. Journal of Bacteriology. De Chang Changting Liu. Large-scale screening of a targeted Enterococcus faecalis mutant library identifies envelope fitness factors opens in new tab. PloS One. Lionel Rigottier-Gois Pascale Serror.

Evaluation of different PCR-based approaches for the identification and typing of environmental enterococci opens in new tab. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek. Domenico Pangallo Jozef Timko.

Characterization of Enterococcus faecalis and Enterococcus faecium from wild flowers opens in new tab. Safety evaluation in vitro of Enterococcus durans from Tibetan traditional fermented yak milk opens in new tab. The Journal of Microbiology. Jing Li Bozhong Gan. See more citations of this paper Sign Up. Mentioned in this Paper. Gram-Positive Bacteria. Antibiotic Resistance, Microbial.

Adhesins, Bacterial. Antibiotic throat preparations. About this Paper. PMID: Related Feeds. Antifungals ASM An antifungal, also known as an antimycotic medication, is a pharmaceutical fungicide or fungistatic used to treat and prevent mycosis such as athlete's foot, ringworm, candidiasis, cryptococcal meningitis, and others. Antimicrobial Resistance Antimicrobial resistance poses a significant threat to the continued successful use of antimicrobial agents for the treatment of bacterial infections.

Antifungals An antifungal, also known as an antimycotic medication, is a pharmaceutical fungicide or fungistatic used to treat and prevent mycosis such as athlete's foot, ringworm, candidiasis, cryptococcal meningitis, and others. Antimicrobial Resistance ASM Antimicrobial resistance poses a significant threat to the continued successful use of antimicrobial agents for the treatment of bacterial infections.

Related Papers. Functionality of enterococci in dairy products opens in new tab. Giorgio Giraffa. Enterococci in foods--a conundrum for food safety opens in new tab. Enterococci from foods opens in new tab. Scanning electron microscopy of target cells and molecular weight determination of a bacteriocin produced by Lactococcus lactis D53 opens in new tab.

Antifungal skin bacteria, embryonic survival, and communal nesting in four-toed salamanders, Hemidactylium scutatum opens in new tab.

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Enterococci at the crossroads of food safety? [1999]

Foodborne Diseases pp Cite as. Enterococci are an important group of bacteria and their interaction with humans is complex. On one hand, enterococci are part of the normal flora of humans and animals, and some of their strains are used for the manufacturing of foods or as probiotics, whereas others are known to cause serious diseases in humans. With the emergence of enterococci as the third most common cause of nosocomial blood-stream infections 1 as well as the alarming rise in enterococci resistance to multiple antimicrobials, more concentrated effort has been invested in the better understanding of this versatile microorganism.

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Enterococci at the Crossroads of Food Safety?

Enterococci are gram-positive bacteria and fit within the general definition of lactic acid bacteria. Modern classification techniques resulted in the transfer of some members of the genus Streptococcus, notably some of the Lancefield's group D streptococci, to the new genus Enterococcus. Enterococci can be used as indicators of faecal contamination. They have been implicated in outbreaks of foodborne illness, and they have been ascribed a beneficial or detrimental role in foods. In processed meats, enterococci may survive heat processing and cause spoilage, though in certain cheeses the growth of enterococci contributes to ripening and development of product flavour.

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