Buy now. At the beginning of the twentieth century psychologists discovered ways and means to measure intelligence that developed into an obsession with IQ. In the mid 's, Daniel Goleman popularised research into emotional intelligence, EQ, pointing out that EQ is a basic requirement for the appropriate use of IQ. In this century, there is enough collective evidence from psychology, neurology, anthropology and cognitive science to show us that there is a third 'Q', 'SQ' or Spiritual Intelligence. SQ is uniquely human and, the authors argue, the most fundamental intelligence. SQ is what we use to develop our longing and capacity for meaning, vision and value.

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W hat makes a great collaboration? One view is that a collaboration is only as great as the individuals who collaborate within it. Another is that a collaboration is also only as great as the vision that drives it.

My belief is that the shared vision is primary. A vision is something you reach for, something you aspire to, something that is the glue of your enterprise, the driving force, the vitality within it.

In our world today, the thing we are most lacking is vision. But for a collaboration to sustain itself over the long term, it needs two other forms of wealth: social and spiritual. These three types of capital are connected similarly to a wedding cake.

According to political economist Francis Fukuyama, who wrote Trust: The Social Virtues and the Creation of Prosperity Free Press, , social capital can be measured by the amount of trust in a society, empathy people feel for each other, and commitment to the health of the community.

The health of a community, he says, can be measured by criteria such as the rate of crime, divorce, literacy, and litigation. Most collaborations are based only on material capital. But in order for the partnership to thrive, people must also pay attention to two other forms of wealth: social and spiritual capital. A New Paradigm of Intelligence Even more fundamental than social capital, spiritual capital reflects what an individual or organization exists for, believes in, aspires to, and takes responsibility for.

Based on this definition, it is a new paradigm that requires us to radically change our mindset about the philosophical foundations and practices of business, or any enterprise for that matter.

I am not referring here to religion or spiritual practices. Rather, I mean the power an individual or organization can manifest based on their deepest meanings, values, and purposes.

We build all three forms of capital by using our intelligence. IQ, or intelligence quotient, was discovered in the early 20th century and is tested using the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scales.

It refers to our rational, logical, rule-bound problem solving intelligence. It is supposed to be what makes us bright or dim. It is also a style of thinking. EQ refers to our emotional quotient. EQ is manifested in trust, empathy, emotional self-awareness and self-control, and the ability to respond appropriately to the emotions of others.

Spiritual intelligence is an ability to access higher meanings, values, abiding purposes, and unconscious aspects of the self and to embed these meanings, values, and purposes in living richer and more creative lives. Signs of high SQ include an ability to think out of the box, humility, and an access to energies that come from something beyond the ego, beyond just me and my day-to-day concerns. All of us at some point do get in touch with that higher self. You really feel them with your whole being, and then they flash by and are gone.

Some of us may be strong in one and weak in others, but each can be nurtured and developed. Ian Marshall and I derive these principles from qualities that define complex adaptive systems.

In biology, complex adaptive systems are living systems that create order out of chaos. They are highly unstable, poised at the edge of chaos, which is what makes them so sensitive.

These systems are holistic, emergent, and respond creatively to mutations. Each one of us is a conscious complex adaptive system, both physically and mentally.

Any great collaboration we hope to build will have flexible boundaries and be in constant dialogue with itself and its environment.

As I describe the qualities of the 12 principles, know that I am also listing the qualities that I think would define a great collaboration, underpinned by vision, purpose, meaning, and values. Spiritual self-awareness means to recognize what I care about, what I live for, and what I would die for. Being authentic in this way is the bedrock of genuine communication with our deeper self that allows us to bring that self into the outer world of action.

Being spontaneous does not mean merely acting on a whim but refers to behavior honed by the self-discipline, practice, and self-control of the martial arts warrior. To be spontaneous means letting go of all your baggage — your childhood problems, prejudices, assumptions, values, and projections — and be responsive to the moment. And since spontaneity comes from the same Latin root as responsibility, it means taking responsibility for our actions in the moment.

Being Vision and Value-Led. Vision is the capacity to see something that inspires us and means something broader than a company vision or a vision for educational development. It seeks answers to the bigger, more difficult questions such as Why do we want the world to have our products? You have a life so that you can make a difference. What shall I study? I feel a bit lost. Follow what you want to do. But whatever you do, make a difference with it.

In quantum physics, holism refers to systems that are so integrated that each part is defined by every other part of the system. As I stand here in this room, which is a system, the words that I say, the tone of my voice is partly brought out by speaking to you. And you are partly responding to me.

For the moment that we are together this morning, we are defined in terms of each other. What I think, feel, and value affects the whole world.

A lack of holism encourages competition, which encourages separateness. For more effective collaborations, we need cooperation and a sense of oneness. This is particularly hard to do with someone who has hurt you. Can you feel the pain and frustration behind their behavior? But fight with compassion, with understanding, with knowledge of your enemy. Celebration of Diversity. Compassion is strongly linked to the principle of diversity.

Many organizations offer diversity programs that involve, for example, putting a token woman on the board of directors or ensuring that a certain percentage of ethnic groups is represented in the workforce. But I mean something different. We celebrate our differences because they teach us what matters. Growing up, I was part of a large extended family that got together every Thanksgiving and Christmas. We were a mixture of Republicans and Democrats, Catholics and Protestants, and a few Jews, and everyone had very strong opinions that they liked to express.

So my mother made a rule at these dinners that we could talk about anything but politics and religion. Every single holiday, by the time we tucked into the turkey, everybody broke the rules. All hell would break loose as people shouted and called each other names.

My Aunt Vera always left the table weeping, and my mother always trembled. I thrived on it. This was my kindergarten of debate and dialogue. It taught me that this type of expression is where the energy is in a group. The passion of the family, our ability to learn from each other, was in our differences. When someone disagrees with me, he or she literally makes me grow new neurons. I have to rewire my brain, challenge my assumptions, and question my values.

I learn. When a group experiences divisive, painful issues, some people ask, Dare we confront them? Absolutely not. Celebrate the differences. Cauterize the pain by letting it come out. By not bringing it into the group, you lose that energy. Celebrating diversity means that I appreciate that you rattle my cage, because by doing so, you make me think and grow.

Field Independence. Humility is the necessary other side of field independence, whereby I realize that I am one actor in a larger play and that I might be wrong.

So I question myself ruthlessly. Am I right to think what I do? Have I listened to all the arguments against it?

Have I thought deeply about it? Humility makes us great, not small. It makes us proud to be a voice in a choir. Why are we doing it this way rather than that way? Why am I in this collaboration, and what does it exist for? Einstein said that as a boy he was in trouble all the time at school because the teachers accused him of asking stupid questions.

When he became famous, he joked that now that everybody thought he was a genius, he was allowed to ask all the stupid questions he liked. Questions are an infinite game; they play with the boundaries, they define them. Ability to Reframe. Reframing refers to the ability to stand back from a situation and look for the bigger picture. One of the greatest problems of our world today is short-term thinking. As those of you from the business community know, most corporations keep an eye on three months down the road when the quarterly returns come in and shareholder value is paid out.


Danah Zohar

Danah Zohar. What is an SQ assessment? Prev Next. Doing Good and Profitable! We all spend life looking for happiness and a greater meaning to our lives. This site offers such a story and the various Q tools to achieve this. It extends the principles of quantum physics into a new understanding of human consciousness, psychology and spirituality for great leadership.


Spiritual Intelligence: A New Paradigm for Collaborative Action

The audience members all rose up and said, 'Tell us more'," Danah Zohar tells me. It will be on Spiritual Intelligence. Not long after that, more research emerged about how the brain works according to our view of the way the world is put together. She is the author, or co-author with her late husband, the psychiatrist Ian Marshall, of six books that seek to expand our understanding of intelligence and the self. I couldn't help thinking that some of his EQ is in fact SQ. Born and raised in the United States, Ms Zohar was interested in physics from an early age.

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