We use them to give you the best experience. If you continue using our website, we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies on this website. The CVT tank has been developed to provide a lighter, highly mobile main battle tank with a high pressure smoothbore mm gun, battlefield management system and extensive defensive aids suite. It is also called Stridsfordon 90 Strf The development of the CV90 began in in response to the requirements outlined by the Swedish Army for a family of armoured combat vehicles with high tactical and strategic mobility, air defence and anti-tank capability, high survivability and protection.
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The CV90 platform design has continuously evolved in steps from Mk0 to current MkIV with advances in technology and in response to changing battlefield requirements. The Swedish version of the main infantry fighting vehicle is fitted with a turret from Bofors that is equipped with a 40 mm Bofors autocannon.
Developed specifically for the Nordic sub-arctic climate , the vehicle has very good mobility in snow and wetlands while carrying and supporting six to eight fully equipped dismount soldiers. Other variants include Forward Observation , Command and control , anti-aircraft, armoured recovery vehicle , electronic warfare and so forth. During the Cold War , in , the Swedish Army required vehicles with high mobility, air defence and anti-tank capability, high survivability and protection.
In , the prototypes for Strf and Strf were ordered. Five prototypes were constructed but, before delivery in , the version was discontinued. The CV90 has undergone four mark shifts to meet different customer requirements, focused on capability enhancements.
The first delivered CV90 was for Sweden. The Swedish Army ordered five variants of the CV The requirements expressed by the Swedish FMV on signature management were extremely challenging and led to a lot of new design features that have been inherited by all subsequent generations Mk 0-III. FMV also prioritized the requirements to provide the best possible design to fulfil user needs.
Furthermore, the CV90 was also built for high reliability and ease-of-maintenance using only standard on-board tools and conscripts to maintain and operate. CV90 Mk I was the first IFV with a high hit probability performance during suppression fire modes, both while the vehicle is on the move and against air targets.
Trials on mobility, reliability, lethality, fightability, ergonomics, durability and survivability were performed during the trials phase for these vehicles with good results for CV90 Mk I. Both contracts were won in competition with other IFVs. The difference between the two variants is mainly the size of the hull. The areas that have undergone most development compared to Mk II are lethality, fightability, electronic architecture, survivability and mobility.
The crew station design provides the gunner and commander with a continuous eye-on-target engagement feature do not need to remove head from eye-piece to see and operate equipment. The electronic architecture has been further upgraded for Mk III to be completely digitized. The mobility improvements, in the field of upgraded suspension and power to weight ratio, was performed to handle the increased gross vehicle weight. The improved survivability was mainly in the areas of mine protection and top attack.
The horizontal protection has been designed in similar ways as to the other marks of CV90, i. CV90 MkIV is equipped with a new engine, active protection system, augmented reality system iFighting and its weight has increased from 35 to 37 tons, with space for two tons of additional payload. Various customer requirements have led to several variants of the CV90, where major differences are in survivability and electronic architecture.
Higher protection has led to higher kerb weight; the vehicle's combat weight has risen from 23 to 35 tonnes. With increasingly more powerful diesel engines, the power-to-weight ratio has remained approximately the same. The track suspension system has seen upgrades in several stages. At the Eurosatory exhibition, a version called Armadillo  was presented. The basic chassis can be readily converted to ambulance, control vehicle or other turreted versions.
The CV's basic armour provides all-round protection against This armour kit is intended to provide increased protection against Improvised explosive device , explosively formed penetrator and 30 mm caliber armour piercing rounds. The CV90 can be also fitted with cage armour , which provides protection against tandem-charge and shaped charge warheads. The CV90 is fitted with a nuclear, biological, and chemical NBC filtration system accompanied by a chemical detector and radiation detector systems.
The CV90 also uses heat-absorbing filters to provide temporary protection against thermal imaging TIS , image intensifier and infrared camera IR. The CV 90 was designed to produce a very low and very compact structure to minimize radar and IR-signatures. With every generation of CV90 there has been an increase in payload and corresponding protection levels. Iron Fist employs a multi-sensor early warning system using both infrared and radar sensors to deploy soft- and hard-kill countermeasures against anti-tank rockets and missiles.
A decision for integration is to be made by early BAE Systems is considering upgrading the CV90 with a hybrid-electric propulsion system as armies look to cut fuel expenses, due to environmental issues and fuel economy.
A hybrid-electric drive could cut fuel consumption by 10 to 30 percent. The new system would also provide a power boost to move the vehicle. The hybrid-electric combines a standard diesel engine with a battery pack to provide extra power to propel the vehicle or provide additional electricity. This technology calculates the vehicle's speed and anticipates the terrain ahead, then pressurizes the suspension at independent points to lift the chassis and keep the vehicle level.
The basic CV90 is fitted with a two-man turret armed with a 40 mm Bofors autocannon and a coaxial 7. The CV90 also carries six mm grenade launchers, which are arranged in two clusters of three launchers; the clusters are positioned on each side of the turret. The grenade launchers are intended for smoke grenades, but can also be loaded with a variety of combat grenades. The CV90 export variants are fitted with a Hagglunds E-series turret, with more than E30 and E35 turrets delivered.
Production of the CV 90 began in , and as of over 1, vehicles had been ordered. The Norwegian Army fields CV90s, of which 74 are combat vehicles, 16 engineering vehicles, 16 multi-use vehicles, 21 reconnaissance vehicles, 15 command vehicles, and two instruction vehicles.
The upgrade of the Norwegian CV90s was estimated to cost around 10 billion kr. Versions are referred to by the letters A, B or C depending on upgrades. All from A onwards remain in service. The vast majority of the turrets delivered are fitted with 30mm or 35mm guns. Having been heavily outnumbered by the Taliban forces, the Norwegians used mortars and, in particular, CV90s, to suppress the attack. The operation left an unknown number of Taliban casualties, but Norwegian news sources say as many as 45 to 65 Taliban fighters may have been killed, and many more wounded.
The attack left 13 Taliban fighters dead and an unknown number wounded. No allied casualties were reported. The Danish contingent had suffered numerous casualties since they began operations in the province in the autumn of By April , two of the ten vehicles had been hit with IEDs, in both cases protecting the crew and passengers from personal injury.
The explosion was so powerful that the vehicle was turned over. As of the spring of , Sweden operates nine Strf Cs in Afghanistan [ needs update? Swedish CV90s have seen combat with insurgents on dozens of occasions. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Type of Infantry fighting vehicle. Archived from the original on Retrieved Army Recognition.
Defense News. Archived from the original on 21 January Teknisk Ukeblad in Norwegian. Archived from the original on 17 June Retrieved 2 June BAE Systems Sweden. Archived from the original on September 28, The Finnish Ministry of Defence. Accessed: 13 September In Bo Kjellander ed. Pansartrupperna: — in Swedish. Archived PDF from the original on Retrieved 31 July Archived from the original on 3 June Retrieved 1 June IHS Jane's Archived from the original on 14 June Retrieved 14 June Archived from the original on 25 January Retrieved 25 January UK Defence Journal.
Norwegian Armed Forces. BAE Systems. Retrieved 10 October United Press International. Archived from the original on 13 January Retrieved 13 January Defence Blog. Archived from the original on 1 April Retrieved 1 April Army Technology.
CV90 Armoured Combat Vehicle
It features an increased payload and modularity over the existing CV90, which it shares many components with, thus reducing its logistical requirements. The Armadillo layout is almost identical to the older CV90, the Driver is located in the front left of the hull, with the engine bay to his right. The vehicle Commander is stationed in the middle of the hull left side in the main vehicle compartment, which then extends to the hull rear. A third crewman depending on vehicle variant is seated to the right of the Commander. This offers a highly effective level of protection against a multitude of ATGM and weight saving alternative to bar cage armor. The Armadillo is powered by a new Scania hp diesel engine. It features an improved suspension system and new rubber tracks.
Combat Vehicle 90
Crew 3 men Personnel 8 men Dimensions and weight Weight 29 - 35 t Length 6. Prototype was revealed in This armored vehicle is based on the proven CV90 infantry fighting vehicle. However by the Armadillo received no production orders. This armored personnel carrier is well protected. All-round protection is against 25 mm armor-piercing projectiles.
By providing the capability for straightforward, low-cost switching between configurations, the CV90 Armadillo is able to meet today's wide range of threats and rapidly-changing operational environments. The new build standard incorporates a flexible, modular design, providing up to 80 per cent commonality between variants. The Armadillo balances high mobility with extremely high protection. Its payload capacity is unique for vehicles in its same weight class. It is reliable and affordable and has a low logistics footprint.
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