In around , the Latin grammarian and philosopher, Macrobius wrote Commentarii in somnium Scipionis , a commentary on the Dream of Scipio. In the text are instructions for maps and diagrams to be included as teaching tools, as Macrobius claims they are more effective than words. One of these, a colourful zonal map, divides the earth into geographical zones or climates: two frigid polar zones, a hot zone surrounding the equator, and two habitable temperate zones in between. In the south is the fictional Antipodean continent that was believed to balance out the northern land-masses. There are numerous marginal notations including a diagram of fabula or narrative genres. Information Description In around , the Latin grammarian and philosopher, Macrobius wrote Commentarii in somnium Scipionis , a commentary on the Dream of Scipio.
|Published (Last):||14 June 2016|
|PDF File Size:||10.10 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||7.12 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
It shows the sleeper, Scipio, and the subject of his cosmological dream. Cicero —43 BC was a Roman philosopher and politician. It recounts a fictional dream vision experienced by the Roman general Scipio Aemilianus.
The two discuss a number of metaphysical subjects, including the nature of the universe, the divine and the soul. Non-predictive dreams can take the forms of visum apparition , where the dreamer sees spectres; or insomnium nightmares , where the dream is related to a physical or mental stressor.
Or does it offer an encoded prediction of events to come? Perhaps having access to an understanding of dreams as something that can contain meaningful truths allows for the understanding or at least acceptance of experiences that are fantastical yet real, things both strange and true. Having one actor play more than role was convenient for Shakespeare, whose acting company was limited in size, but doubling also enabled him to intensify the atmosphere of his plays, and to make connections and contrasts between scenes and storylines.
Emma Smith explores the way that the doubling in A Midsummer Night's Dream heightens the play's dreamlike and fantastical elements. Explore further Related articles.
Dream, illusion and doubling in A Midsummer Night's Dream Article by: Emma Smith Themes: Comedies, Magic, illusion and the supernatural Having one actor play more than role was convenient for Shakespeare, whose acting company was limited in size, but doubling also enabled him to intensify the atmosphere of his plays, and to make connections and contrasts between scenes and storylines. Transformation of men into asses in The Ship of Fools , The Discovery of Witchcraft by Reginald Scot, View all related collection items.
Share this page. British Library newsletter Sign up to our newsletter Email.
Commentary on the dream of Scipio
Macrobius , fully Macrobius Ambrosius Theodosius , also known as Theodosius , was a Roman provincial who lived during the early fifth century, during Late Antiquity , the period of time corresponding to the late Roman Empire to the early Middle Ages , and when Latin was as widespread as Greek among the elite. He is primarily known for his writings, which include the widely copied and read Commentarii in Somnium Scipionis "Commentary on the Dream of Scipio" , which was one of the most important sources for Platonism in the Latin West during the Middle Ages, the Saturnalia , a compendium of ancient Roman religious and antiquarian lore, and De differentiis et societatibus graeci latinique verbi "On the Differences and Similarities of the Greek and Latin Verb " , which is now lost. The correct order of his names is "Macrobius Ambrosius Theodosius", which is how it appears in the earliest manuscripts of the Saturnalia , and how he is addressed in the excerpts from his lost De differentiis. Only in later manuscripts were his names reversed as "Ambrosius Theodosius Macrobius", which James Willis then adopted for his edition of the Commentary. Alan Cameron notes that Cassiodorus and Boethius both refer to him as "Macrobius Theodosius", while he was known during his lifetime as "Theodosius": the dedication to the De differentiis is addressed Theodosius Symmacho suo "Theodosius to his Symmachus" , and by the dedicatory epistle to Avianus's Fables , where he is addressed as Theodosi optime.