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February 19, ; Accepted: Future studies are necessary to widen the knowledge on the presence of lisping in voiced and unvoiced fricatives in individuals with and without craniofacial malformations. These data confirm a previous study that revealed a lack of direct association between lisping and occlusal scores with variation in the degree of severity, i.
Appraisal of speech defects in dental anomalies. Conversely, interruptions or restrictions of the airflow in voiced fricatives reduce the airflow volume and consequently the intensity of turbulence at the constriction point.
The greater occurrence of lisping in [s] based on the auditory perceptual evaluation may be explained by several factors. Electropalatography in the assessment and treatment of speech difficulties in children with Down syndrome.
Speech Disorders Open Bite Tongue. Vertical interincisal trespass assessment in children with speech disorders. Bacsfalvi P, Bernhardt BM. How to cite this article. After listening to each sentence, the speech-language pathologists indicated one alternative target or lisping for each speech sample analyzed, in a worksheet especially designed for that purpose.
It is suggested that lisp is dependent of the phonetic-phonological context of the sentence and therefore must be considered for clinical and research purposes. In general, comparison of the present findings with previous information is difficult due to the lack of studies in the national and international literature addressing the presence of lisping in individuals with cleft lip and palate.
These differences are related with coupling of the glottal and frictional sources occurring in the production of voiced fricatives Several studies report that occlusal alterations may cause disorders in the production of alveolar fricative consonants 1 — 6.
Studies using magnetic resonance ceeceio also revealed differences in tongue positioning during the production of unvoiced and voiced fricatives. A study of speech, language, hearing, and dentition in children with cleft lip only. In addition to the contributions derived from the present study, future investigations providing information on the production of unvoiced and voiced alveolar fricative consonants based on acoustic measurements may further expand the knowledge on the speech of children with lisping.
This occlusal index has been applied in many craniofacial centers because it is reliable and easily reproduced; is able to distinguish the quality of intercenter surgical outcomes, allowing early diagnosis of dental arch relationship in both anteroposterior, vertical and transverse dimensions; and provides identification of the prognosis, which allows early changes in the surgical protocol without the need to wait up to the permanent dentition The literature reports the importance of ultrasonography 32 and electropalatography 33 — 35 for better understanding of the pathological speech involving fricative consonants, including those related with cleft lip and palate This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
This study had a prospective design in which speech samples saved in a databank, after selected, were judged by speech-language pathologists as to the occurrence of lisping in voiced and unvoiced fricatives. These acoustic descriptions indicate that voiced fricatives present lower intensity and shorter duration, as well as greater amplitude of friction interval compared to their unvoiced counterparts Previous studies on individuals without craniofacial malformations indicated that occlusal changes may cause damage to the production of alveolar fricative consonants 18 — 12even though this relationship is not always observed 13 or even may not be directly related to the severity of occlusal alteration This information may contribute for clinical and research purposes in the field of orofacial motricity.
First, acoustic descriptions indicate that voiced alveolar fricatives present lower intensity and duration than their unvoiced counterparts, due to coupling of the glottal and frictional sources From This Paper Figures, tables, and topics from this paper.
Thus, this study investigated whether lisping, when present, differs between voiced and unvoiced alveolar fricatives produced by children with operated cleft lip and palate. The literature reports that, in general, production of the fricatives [s] and [z] in normal conditions is characterized by lateral contact of the tongue along antedior palate, as well as incomplete contact of the tongue at the anterior portion of the alveolar ridge, yielding a groove at this region Santos The International journal of orofacial myology….
This study evidenced that the selection of fricative consonants interfered with the auditory perception of lisping, with greater occurrence of lisping in the alveolar fricative [s] compared to [z].
The Goslon Yardstick in patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate: In general, these findings indicate that dentofacial csceio favor the auditory perception of distortions lisping in the speech of children with operated cleft lip and palate, confirming previous descriptions for this population 15 Abnormal patterns of tongue-palate contact in the speech individuals with cleft palate. Occurrence of lisping in voiced and unvoiced fricatives in children with operated cleft lip and palate.
In general, these findings present xnterior information on the influence of the phonetic-phonological context in the production and perception of alveolar fricative phonemes integrating the Brazilian Portuguese phonological system. The acoust analysis of speech. Nasal airway dimensions of adults with cleft lip and palate: Tiina Laine European journal of orthodontics Universal parameters for reporting speech outcomes in individuals with cleft palate.
This evaluation revealed a tendency of more anterior tongue root ecceio in voiced fricatives compared to the unvoiced counterparts Also, studies involving electropalatography indicate differences in lingual-palatal contact during the production of [s] and [z] in individuals with normal speech, with greater lingual-palatal contact in individuals with normal speech, with greater lingual-palatal contact for [z], as well as greater narrowing of the groove in [z] when produced at onset of the word.
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Translation of "ceceio" in English
CECEIO ANTERIOR PDF