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Mor Nguirane. By Armando Zecchi Many articles and reports are providing forecast and study about the benefit of the Industry 4. Nowadays in how far we can evaluate in economic terms the business around the forth industrial revolution 4. The purpose of the article is to provide an answer to this basic question.
In , the analyze of the first available data has confirmed a further turnover growth amounting over 45 billion euros. This analysis is based on several data, including those provided by Federmacchine, an Italian organization gathering 13 Italian machine tools manufacturers, 5.
After years of strong rising, export growth is slowed even with a positive trend of 1. According to a Federmacchine survey the incentive program records a preference for hyper-depreciation over the super-depreciation. Why to opt for hyper-depreciation 4. According to Intesa San Paolo Bank, they have dispensed investments over million euro, and they have received more than 6, applications overall, in the first quarter of It is fair to clearly state this fact, as a technical fact.
The framework agreement between Intesa San Paolo and Confindustria according to the analyze of available data is stimulating and facilitating investment in innovation, always in the context of Industry 4. In terms of turnover from March to May , the domestic manufacturing industry has increased by 6. Between the crisis and the austerity Italy has lost about a quarter of its manufacturing potential and a long time is required to recover it. Companies which overtake now continue to produce, invest and export, with a greater quality in products increasing innovation and using available new technologies.
The role of organizations Industry associations are playing a fundamental role. The unification of the industrial associations of Bologna, Modena and Ferrara BoMoFe into Confindustria Emilia, has created an important territorial aggregate for the sectors of packaging machines for ceramics, automotive, food and electro-. A reality has thus emerged is second in Italy in terms of industrial added value only behind the province of Milan. The role of automotive According to some authoritative opinions published in various magazines and newspapers, the Italian recovery is linked to the transport industry and specially to automotive.
In my opinion it is a realistic thesis, which must also consider that the car market alone is not enough to explain what Industry 4. According to Istat, transport sector is the 8. Machines and mechanical equipment At last, the turnover of the chemical industry more than 7. In addition, data for exports to non-EU countries are growing at 9. The position of Assolombarda Returning to our basic theme, Assolombarda has long provided its own document on Industry 4.
Considering that Industry 4. IT systems able to interact with the physical systems in which they operate; these systems are equipped with computational capacity, communication and control. The potential of modern information and production technologies, together with their greater accessibility, have meant that Industry 4. Industry 4. All above is at least the view expressed by Assolombarda in its Documentation paper.
As shown in figure 1, under certain conditions Industry 4. However, the key point is that these 2. Around 8 million jobs will be lost in Digital Manufacturing, divided into equal parts.
Through these enabling technologies, companies can still radically innovate their business model. In the context of Italian manufacturing innovation, it can be stated Industry 4. And it addresses a significant number of strategies, methods and tools for industrial sustainability; systems to enhance. At the same time, around 10 million jobs could be created by the same technological revolution: 1 million for the new functions necessary for production in CPS; 2 million from companies that reallocate production in the manufacturing sector, and about 7 million from companies that will provide services to Industry 4.
The system is able to host the entire ecosystem of algorithms developed internally by Eni. HPC4 has a peak performance of We can store and process enormous quantities of data for geophysical imaging, the modelling of oil systems and reservoirs, in addition to using predictive and cognitive computing algorithms for all our business activities.
These technologies will enable us, on the one hand, to accelerate and make the entire upstream process more efficient and accurate, reducing risks in the exploration phase and, at the same time, giving us a significant technological advantage, but also to increase the level of reliability, technical integrity and operability of all our productive plants, while minimising operational risks, with benefits both in terms of safety and environmental impact.
In our industry it is increasingly important to be able to process ever-increasing amounts of data, ensuring more accurate and faster results. The new system will be working alongside a high performance 15 Petabytes storage subsystem. Therefore, the filing activity of patents concerning the Industry 4. According to publications that describe the characteristics of this new paradigm, the European Patent Office EPO traced in a recently report a history of the growth of such revolution, studying the development of the technologies connected with the I4.
Figure 1 shows the growth of the number of the patent applications regarding the above-mentioned technologies: it is noticeable that in the period between and there was an important increase in each field, in particular for Artificial Intelligence and Security. Figure 2. Trend of the patent applications on Gas Turbine technologies. To better understand the to evaluate how much a product or a project is I4.
In this way, we were able to find made query on our proprietary IP analysis platform. The growth of sector, confirming an exponential trend in the last applications during the period confirms a years Figure 3. Looking at the companies that own trend comparable to the one referring to the enabling the highest number of patents on I4.
Starting from the extracted for the Gas Turbines we found General Electric, patent set, we performed a more detailed analysis, to United Technologies Corporation, Rolls Royce and have an insight of the contribution of I4.
The Indeed, there is a significant growth in the number concepts are classified in 25 categories regarding of patents describing methods and technologies to the most influential I4. Figure 4. Trend of the patent applications related to additive manufacturing on Gas Turbine technologies Printing, as Figure 4 shows.
EPO describes Additive cue derives from the Prediction category. The necessity interesting example of these technologies, as we can of just a digital model data as a starting point for see from patent no. It describes, made Additive Manufacturingg one of the most indeed,, an automatic configuration system for the g y. Figure 5. Trend of the patent applications related to Prediction techniques on Gas Turbine technologies representative technology of the I4.
The definitive explosion of the technology is extremely recent and confirms its state of novelty. The main applications in the gas turbine sector are in the construction of tubes, heat exchangers and engine components. For example, patent no. Another interesting. This patent presents also a combination of different technologies related to the I4. The analysis we performed on the Gas Turbines sector confirmed therefore an increasing hype on the Industry 4.
Ferrera Erbognone Pavia , 22 February Eni has entered a crucial phase in its process of strategic digitalisation - with projects cutting across all business areas and involving over managers. It aims to achieve significant economic and operational benefits in the short and medium term.
The company has been on a path of digital transformation for several decades, starting long before the rest of the industry began to talk about the issue. Over time it has managed to transform the need to process large amounts of data into a significant competitive advantage. While technological progress today offers opportunities that were unimaginable until recently, without the right people and skills it would be an unproductive tool albeit an extremely powerful one.
It is thanks to this mix that Eni has been able to achieve extraordinary results, such as, for example, the discovery of the Zohr field in Egypt, the largest ever made in the Mediterranean. In the long term, this digital transformation is part of a broader process of evolution that will make Eni even more integrated in its processes, as well as increasingly capable of combining emerging digital competences with traditional technical skills, open to innovation, in collaboration with the most advanced technological start-ups, quicker in operational and work processes, and increasingly attractive to young talent.
Subsequently, the company began developing proprietary algorithms in its exploration activities. But while power and technology, even in their most advanced forms, can provide fundamental competitive advantages, they are unproductive tools without human skills. Having a program created and developed internally means having complete control, flexibility and speed, as well as facilitating the continuous development of skills. In , the U. The Charter of Trust represents an unprecedented cybersecurity initiative that establishes three primary goals: to protect the data of individuals and businesses; to prevent harm to people, businesses, and infrastructure; and to establish a reliable basis where confidence in a networked, digital world can take root and grow.
The transformational opportunities that exist for society and industry can only be realized if we all have confidence in, and can rely on the security of our data and connected systems.
As the number of cyberattacks worldwide continues to grow, the hardware and software that control critical infrastructure like electricity and gas have become highvalue targets.
A study of the U. Cybersecurity is a shared responsibility that requires partners at all levels of government and the private sector to address threats and sharpen responses to cyberattacks. The Charter outlines ten principles to ensure companies and governments are taking action to address cybersecurity at the highest levels through a dedicated cybersecurity ministry in government and a chief information security officer at companies.
It calls for mandatory, independent certification for critical infrastructure where lives are at risk, including in the oil and gas, and power generation and distribution industries, and digital applications across all aspects of IoT. It also affirms that as technologies become increasingly digital and connected, security and data privacy functions should be preconfigured and that cybersecurity regulations should be incorporated into free trade treaties.
Our continued success depends on adapting to change, including utilizing new technologies. A successful cyberattack would impact our ability to deliver electricity and a data breach could negatively affect our employees, customers and partners.
Cybersecurity is a crucial component and enabler for this transition. Working hand in hand with Siemens we have jointly developed digital solutions such as best-in-class security operating center and identity and access management for extended enterprise and IoT, or prescriptive security analytics based on artificial intelligence.
I fully endorse the initiative of the global Charter of Trust for greater cybersecurity and its ten key principles. I am glad to join as a signatory of this Charter, a great foundation upon which we can build to spread digitalization and create value for our customers and partners.
With the signing of the Charter of Trust for a Secure Digital World, we are formalizing our commitment to an increasingly coordinated approach to cyber security by merging info and real-time data sharing. COM Digital transformation and transition to the cloud Digital transformation is providing to the modern industry a variety of new challenges and opportunities, new competences and skills have to be developed inside each company to understand and exploit the new changes and trends.
Big Data is one of the challenges for the modern industry, smart factories involve the collection and processing of massive quantities of data from connected assets and machines. Smart Data focus on the selection and analytics of the most sensitive among the huge number of available data. Cloud computing represents an effective solution for the management of such amount of information and data based on large computational capacity centralized in few digital hubs.
Cloud computing solutions provide a variety of advantages to the modern industry: scalability, flexibility, data storage capacity, high performing servers, accessibility from different locations. Digital platforms and e-business The development of digital technologies is driving the changes in every industrial field, the digital customer experience may become the main interface that customers have with a supplier.
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