Each plate consists of one or more pictures related to the same subject, which gives it its title. A running head at the top of page recalls the type, or family, to which the example shown is assigned e. Types are defined in a broad way, and individual structures are not further classified or listed following a systematic order; rather, they are ordered in sequences that outline "routes" for reading. Starting with the basic or typical features, some variants are then shown to point out similarities and differences. Certain sequences zoom in the same object, or phenomenon, as in the case of stratification from a wide panoramic view to a close-up of individual beds. In essence, an attempt is made here to interweave the threads of a series of topics, whereas the previous edition was organized more in the style of a deck of cards.
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We'd like to understand how you use our websites in order to improve them. Register your interest. Thirty samples were investigated for composition and physical properties density, porosity, water absorption, mechanical strength, particle size distribution of aggregate, etc. To identify the minerals and the reactant phases between binder and aggregate, as well as the hydraulic degree, selected samples were analyzed with x-ray powder diffraction, thermogravimetry, and differential scanning calorimetry techniques.
The obtained results provide a close relation between pozzolanic characteristics and physical-mechanical properties of the mortars i.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. Rent this article via DeepDyve. Material Characterization 60 7 — Applied Physics A — J Archaeol Sci — In: Maniatis Y Ed.
Babini C, Fiori C Impiego delle analisi termiche nello studio delle malte, stucchi, intonaci e finiture murarie, Mosaico-analisi dei materiali e problematiche del restauro parte 2. Thermochimica Acta — Termochimica Acta volume 1 2 — Archaeometry 43 4 — Applied Physics A 83 4 — Cagnana A Archeologia dei materiali da costruzione.
Xenia — Cement and Concrete Research 31 3 — Iskra Edizioni, Ghilarza OR , p. Columbu S, Verdiani G Digital survey and material analysis strategies for documenting, monitoring and study the Romanesque churches in Sardinia, Italy. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer — Ital J Geosci — Morlacchi Editore, Perugia, Vol. European Journal of Mineralogy 27, — Rendiconti Lincei 26,— The construction materials of Sardinian Medieval churches: new approaches to the valorisation, conservation and restoration.
Archeoarte — Arkos — Risultati preliminari. In Proceedings of II Congresso nazionale di archeometria, pp — A comprehensive assessment. Constr Build Mater — Carocci, Roma.
Committee on field tests. Document n. ISRM commission for testing methods, Working group on revision of the point load. Nicholas Church Pisa, Italy. Electa Architettura Paperback, Milano. Cem Concr Res 33 5 — Journal of Archaeological Science 37 9 — Archaeometry 52 4 — Journal of archeological science — Per Mineral — Morbidelli L In: Le rocce e i loro costituenti. Bardi Editore, Roma. Moropoulou A, Bakolas A, Bisbikou K Characterization of ancient, byzantine and later historic mortars by thermal and x-ray diffraction techniques.
Termochimica Acta — J Cult Herit — Moropoulou A, Bakolas A, Aggelakopoulou E a Evaluation of pozzolanic activity of natural and artificial pozzolans by thermal analysis. Thermochim Acta — Moropoulou A, Polikreti K, Bakolas A, Michailidis P b Correlation of physicochemical and mechanical properties oh historical mortars and classification by multivariate statistics.
Cem Concr Res — Moropoulou A, Bakolas A, Aggelakopoulou E Evaluation of pozzolanic activity of natural and artificial pozzolans by thermal analysis. Cem Concr Compos — J Cult Herit 14S— Archaeometry 50 3 — Palmstrom A RMi-a rock mass characterization system for rock engineering purposes. University of Oslo, Norway. New tendencies for research. Eduardo Torroja Institute, Madrid. Papayianni I, Pachta V, Stefanidou M Analysis of ancient mortars and design of compatible repair mortars: the case study of Odeion of the archaeological site of Dion.
Peccerillo A Plio-Quaternary volcanism in Italy. Petrology, geochemistry, geodynamics. Springer, Heidelberg. Journal of Archaeological Sciences — Smith P, Smith RM Bricks and mortar: a method for identifying construction phases in multistage structures.
Hist Archaeol — Periodico di Mineralogia 80 3 — Verdiani G, Columbu S E. Stone, an archive for the Sardinia monumental witnesses.
Book Chapter. Berlin-Heidelberg — International Journal of Heritage in the Digital Era 1 1 — Periodico di mineralogia 80 2 — Wentworth CK A scale of grade and class terms for clastic sediments. J Geology — Download references. Thanks to Dr. Correspondence to Stefano Columbu.
Reprints and Permissions. Columbu, S. Archaeol Anthropol Sci 9, — Download citation. Received : 30 May Accepted : 06 September Published : 27 September Issue Date : June Search SpringerLink Search. Immediate online access to all issues from Subscription will auto renew annually. J Archaeol Sci — Article Google Scholar Babini C, Fiori C Impiego delle analisi termiche nello studio delle malte, stucchi, intonaci e finiture murarie, Mosaico-analisi dei materiali e problematiche del restauro parte 2.
Thermochimica Acta — Palmstrom A RMi-a rock mass characterization system for rock engineering purposes. Periodico di mineralogia 80 2 — Google Scholar Wentworth CK A scale of grade and class terms for clastic sediments. Acknowledgments Thanks to Dr. You can also search for this author in PubMed Google Scholar. View author publications. Rights and permissions Reprints and Permissions. About this article.
Abstract The aim of the study is to provide, through the characterization of the mortar samples and the relative raw materials, useful information in order to define the stages of construction, the workers technological and archaeological knowledge. The study is an interdisciplinary approach carried out by different analysis techniques in order to define the mineral-petrographic composition and highlight the differences among the various samples. Mortars are present in all the walls, except dry ones, as a bedding material and as a coating. The mortars may be regarded as markers for excellence, because they must be prepared at the time of their use, during the construction of the masonry, and cannot be re-used after their hardening and socket.
Binders alternative to Portland cement and waste management for sustainable construction – Part 2
Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. DOI: In Part 1 of the paper, issues related to production, microstructures, chemical nature, engineering properties, and durability of mixtures based on binders alternative to Portland cement were presented.
ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN RESTORATION + LABORATORY
We'd like to understand how you use our websites in order to improve them. Register your interest. Thirty samples were investigated for composition and physical properties density, porosity, water absorption, mechanical strength, particle size distribution of aggregate, etc. To identify the minerals and the reactant phases between binder and aggregate, as well as the hydraulic degree, selected samples were analyzed with x-ray powder diffraction, thermogravimetry, and differential scanning calorimetry techniques. The obtained results provide a close relation between pozzolanic characteristics and physical-mechanical properties of the mortars i. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
ARCHAEOLOGY OF THE ARCHITECTURE
The Course and the workshop aim to teach students the conceptual operative tools and knowledge to act conscientiously with regards to existing buildings, particularly on older listed buildings. Starting from the basic theoretical and historical knowledge of the discipline, the Course seeks to make students sensitive to the issues and subjects connected with the protection, maintenance, preservation, and appreciation of architectural heritage, considered as a resource and testimony of our past. By simulating a restoration project, the workshop allows students to use the conceptual and operative tools to work with historical structures, with particular reference to listed architectural heritage. The topics are analysed integrating moments for reflection and experimentation, in order to guide students to the completion of a definitive restoration project. The Course examines the discipline of restoration in all its aspects: from its theoretical and methodological basis of a historical, philosophical and scientific nature, to the methods and techniques for surveying, analysing and diagnosing historical structures; from the general contents and elements of a restoration project to the methods and techniques of intervention on specific parts of building and its specific material. The various topics are considered within the contemporary theoretical-disciplinary context of Restoration together with the national and international regulations on protection, preservation and restoration of existing architectural urban and rural heritage. Moreover, the Course investigates the relationships connecting architecture with its natural or artificial context, as these will be pivotal elements in making decisions in the restoration project.